The fishing industry been blessed with Over 90 impressive fish species that are found in the waters of Uganda. And this count does not include the Haplochromis complex, which itself is made up of more than 200. Commercial and subsistence fish species include;
Nile perch, Oreochromis Nile tilapia, the herring-like Alestes, the catfishes Bagrus and Clarias, Hydrocynus (Tiger fish), the small pelagic “sardine” Rastrineobola, Protopterus (lungfish), and the haplochromines. The main catch on the Lakes is the Nile Perch which is the largest fresh water game fish in the whole world.
We have two major sources of fishing in Uganda; one is from aquaculture, the other from fishing in rivers and lakes. Lake Victoria has made up the largest and most significant fishing ground in Uganda. Open water covers 15.3 percent of Uganda’s surface and comprises five major lakes;
Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake Edward and Lake George (Uganda) which are the main sources of fish in the country.
Lake Victoria continues to be the most important water body in Uganda both in size and contribution to the total fish catch, followed by Lake Albert and Lake Kyoga.
The Ugandan fisheries sector is important in terms of employment, poverty reduction and foreign exchange revenues. Fishing is one of the major economic activities. Lakes, rivers and swamps
Account for 44,000 km2 of Uganda’s surface area of 241,000 km2. Fish activities are mainly carried out in open water sources and provide a livelihood to many people in Uganda.
There are (2002) an estimated 250,000 artisan fishermen (136,000 on Lake Victoria), while nearly a million people (700,000 around Lake Victoria) benefit from fishery-related activities like local fish-processing, fish trade, boat-building, industrial fish-processing, netmaking,trade in fishing equipment, fisheries research, extension services and administration
Uganda’s main sources of fish supply for both the domestic and export markets are the districts on Lake Victoria, particularly Mukono, Mpigi, Kalangala, Masaka and Luwero. Lake Kyoga, Albert, George and Edward districts are other major sources of fish.
The major urban centres within the Lake Victoria belt, namely Kampala, Masaka, Jinja and Entebbe constitute the main domestic market centres for fresh fish. Although considerable fish supplies reach these market nuclei and most of the other district headquarters markets, inadequate supplies reach most of the ruralmarkets.
Primary production of fish is generally done on a relatively small-scale, as most of the fishing is carried out using small, wooden (plank-built) boats about six to eight meters in length propelled by oars or, in an increasing number of cases, a petrol engine fastened to the back of the boat.
These simple boats are sufficient to carry fishermen to and from the fishing grounds with full loads of fish
⦁ Nile perch locally known as “Empuuta”
⦁ Singidia tilapia locally known as “Engege”
⦁ Nile tilapia
⦁ Catfish locally known as “Semutundu”
⦁ Silver fish (fish) locally known as “Mukene”
⦁ Lungfish locally known as “Emmamba”
⦁ Eels locally known as “Ensonzi”
⦁ Sprat locally known as “Enkejje”
⦁ Clarias locally known as “Emalle”